Homepage 5 Blog 5 5-Step Vulnerability Remediation Process

5-Step Vulnerability Remediation Process

Manage remote endpoints, deploy software and patches with a robust cloud-based Action1 RMM solution. Start your 2-week trial or use free forever for up to 50 endpoints.

Table of Contents

What is vulnerability remediation?

The difference between remediation and mitigation

Step 1. Assess IT infrastructure

Step 2. Identify Vulnerabilities

Step 3. Prioritize

Step 4. Fix the issues

Step 5. Follow up

There is no such thing as a perfectly secure software application. In one way or another, they all have security vulnerabilities waiting to be discovered. In fact, new software vulnerabilities or security bugs are found nearly every day, even in mainstream software products and services. In a recent study, 42 percent of the surveyed cybersecurity and IT professionals said security risk management is more challenging today due to an increasing number of software vulnerabilities.

vulnerability remediation management challenges action1 rmm blog

Vulnerability remediation is a crucial facet of digital risk management when dealing with vulnerable software applications. This article explains the importance of vulnerability remediation and the steps involved in the process.

What Is Vulnerability Remediation?

Vulnerability remediation means neutralizing security loopholes before they become threats. This is typically done through patching software applications. In some cases, remediation may also involve hardware fixes, upgrades, or replacements.

A vulnerability remediation plan is vital for preventing devastating data breaches and other forms of cyberattacks. It’s also a partial requirement for various data security compliance standards.

Remediation vs. Mitigation

Although security vulnerability remediation and mitigation may sound the same, they are two very different approaches to dealing with security flaws. While remediation aims to eliminate the vulnerability, mitigation is more of a workaround to minimize the likelihood of a vulnerability being exploited.

Mitigation is usually not the final answer to solving a security problem. It’s only used where remediation measures are not possible or feasible. For instance, if a patch is unavailable, the security team might offload the flawed software to buy time until a permanent fix is developed. Also, remediation might experience pushback from the organization, mostly to avoid downtime, forcing the security team to mitigate a vulnerability instead.

The Vulnerability Remediation Process

Vulnerability remediation management is a continuous multi-stage process. Below are the five vulnerability remediation steps to successfully managing software-based security risks.

1. Assess your IT infrastructure

Before you can start fixing and patching, you need to know where to find vulnerabilities. A comprehensive IT audit gives you a detailed overview of the entire digital estate. It shows you all the software and hardware resources in active use, along with important security information such as each component’s build version, update logs, and third-party dependencies.

2. Identify vulnerabilities

After auditing your IT, the next step is running a vulnerability assessment remediation. Check for any possible flaws lurking in all corporate software tools, from operating systems and ERPs to basic file readers. It’s not practical or even possible to do this manually. So, it’s best to use automated tools to scan your entire system for missing updates, patches, and fixes. These tools can quickly compare vendor release notes to the software’s update logs to determine its security status.

3. Make a priority list

Create a priority list for which of the newly discovered vulnerabilities to remediate first. Prioritize the vulnerability with the highest severity scores and those more likely to be exploited. However, prioritizing is not always this straightforward. Many security experts consider vulnerability prioritization their top remediation challenge.


vulnerability remediation plan process action1 rmm blog
In addition to severity, you also have to consider the following factors when creating a priority list:

  • The type and popularity of the application
  • Ease of remediation
  • The remediation’s impact on the IT ecosystem
  • The vulnerability’s disclosure date and urgency

4. Apply fixes

After deciding which vulnerabilities to fix, it’s only a matter of applying the necessary patches to the corresponding applications. Although some business systems may have to shut down during this step, plan out the patch deployment process to avoid unnecessary downtime. And remember, it’s not just about being fast; you also need to be thorough and precise.

5. The follow-up

The final step is to assess whether all vulnerabilities were fixed correctly and the remediation’s impact on the applications and their dependencies. Ideally, you should test each newly patched application to ascertain the remediation’s effectiveness. You need to follow up on patched systems because remediation can sometimes yield unexpected and undesirable results.

Vulnerability remediation is a long and cyclic process. But it’s so much easier when using automated tools. Discover a smarter, quicker, and effortless way to secure your digital assets with Action1 solution for creating patch management policies. Sign up for a free trial today and get a taste of this much-needed security reassurance.

September 1, 2021

Related Articles

MSP Pricing Models Guide: Achieving MSP Profitability in 2021

MSP Pricing Models Guide: Achieving MSP Profitability in 2021

Managed IT services is one of the fastest-growing and most lucrative sectors of the business tech industry. The global IT services market is on track to hit $1.1 trillion by 2026, registering an 8.02 CAGR between 2021 and 2026. Although the managed IT market is...

Sure Strategies and Ways to Prevent Cyber Attacks

Sure Strategies and Ways to Prevent Cyber Attacks

Cybercriminals have been leveraging the latest in technology to plan and execute sophisticated cyberattacks. They use artificial intelligence, the Internet of things (IoT), bots, etc., to execute malware installations, ransomware infections, man-in-the-middle (MITM)...

About Action1 RMM

Action1 RMM is a cloud-based IT solution for remote monitoring and management, patching, and remote support.

Start your free two-week trial of Action1, or use RMM tools for free forever on 50 endpoints with no functionality limitations!


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published.

cloud patch management solutions action1

MSP Solution

Centralize endpoint management and boost efficiency of IT service delivery.

automated server patch management action compliance

Patch Management

Identify and deploy missing OS and third-party software updates.

cloud software deployment tools windows

Software Deployment

Distribute software and updates across managed endpoints.

software distribution tools software inventory action1

IT Asset Inventory

Keep a detailed inventory and manage hardware and software assets.

web client remote desktop

Remote Desktop

Support users via seamless remote desktop connection.

web based rdp client

Unattended Access

Provide administrative support and manage remote devices.

automated patch management action1

Endpoint Management

Run PowerShell, custom scripts, reboot computers and restart services.

API integrations action1


Integrate Action1 RMM to your IT ecosystem.

computer inventory tool for compliance

Reports and Alerts

Conduct endpoint security audits with comprehensive reporting.